The Samsung Galaxy Note 4 continues to get incremental updates from both Samsung directly and carriers here in the United States. AT&T has started rolling out updated firmware version N910AUCS2EQF1 which is fundamentally the June Android Security update that was released by Google earlier this month. In fact, only security updates are listed in the release notes on the AT&T site for the device.
This update does not update the device to Android Nougat, an update that is likely never to happen officially given the age of the device and the expected release of the Note 8 this summer. Indeed, it is because of the debacle of the Note 7 that the 4 is still getting regular updates more-or-less.
If you have a Galaxy Note 4 on the AT&T network, you should be prompted with a software update for the device. Once you get that, the update itself is only 27MB. It is a quick download and about a 10-15 minute install including a reboot of your Note 4. After that you will be running the latest security patches from Google for Android Marshmallow 6.0.1.
If you haven’t seen this update notification, you can always manually force the issue by going to About Phone>Download software updates.